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  1. Review

    Hypoxia after stroke: a review of experimental and clinical evidence

    Hypoxia is a common occurrence following stroke and associated with poor clinical and functional outcomes. Normal oxygen physiology is a finely controlled mechanism from the oxygenation of haemoglobin in the p...

    Phillip Ferdinand and Christine Roffe

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2016 8:9

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  2. Review

    Therapeutic potential of the renin angiotensin system in ischaemic stroke

    The renin angiotensin system (RAS) consists of the systemic hormone system, critically involved in regulation and homeostasis of normal physiological functions [i.e. blood pressure (BP), blood volume regulatio...

    Mariana Moreira Coutinho Arroja, Emma Reid and Christopher McCabe

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2016 8:8

    Published on: 7 October 2016

  3. Review

    Pathophysiology and management of reperfusion injury and hyperperfusion syndrome after carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting

    Cerebral hyperperfusion is a relatively rare syndrome with significant and potentially preventable clinical consequences. The pathophysiology of cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) may involve dysregulation...

    Muhammad U. Farooq, Christopher Goshgarian, Jiangyong Min and Philip B. Gorelick

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2016 8:7

    Published on: 6 September 2016

  4. Research

    A pilot study evaluating the use of ABCD2 score in pre-hospital assessment of patients with suspected transient ischaemic attack: experience and lessons learned

    Suspected transient ischaemic attack (TIA) is a common presentation to emergency medical services (EMS) in the United Kingdom (UK). Several EMS systems have adopted the ABCD2 score to aid pre-hospital risk str...

    Scott Munro, Sally Rodbard, Khalid Ali, Claire Horsfield, Wendy Knibb, Janet Holah, Ottilia Speirs and Tom Quinn

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2016 8:6

    Published on: 20 August 2016

  5. Research

    Artery reopening is required for the neurorestorative effects of angiotensin modulation after experimental stroke

    Blood flow restoration with fibrinolysis and thrombectomy is recommended to limit injury in stroke patients with proximal artery occlusion. Angiotensin receptor blockers have been shown to be neuroprotective i...

    Ahmed Alhusban, Anna Kozak, Wael Eldahshan, Adviye Ergul and Susan C. Fagan

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2016 8:4

    Published on: 27 April 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2016 8:5

  6. Meeting report

    Report on the 7th scientific meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Young Academics in Neurology (NEUROWIND e.V.) held in Motzen, Germany, October 30–November 1, 2015

    From October 30–November 1, 2015, the 7th NEUROWIND e.V. meeting was held in Motzen, Brandenburg, Germany. Seventy doctoral students and postdocs from over 25 different groups working in German and Swiss Unive...

    Thomas Korn, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Tim Magnus, Sven G. Meuth and Ralf A. Linker

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2016 8:3

    Published on: 16 March 2016

  7. Review

    Cerebral collateral circulation in experimental ischemic stroke

    Cerebral collateral circulation is a subsidiary vascular network, which is dynamically recruited after arterial occlusion, and represents a powerful determinant of ischemic stroke outcome. Although several met...

    Elisa Cuccione, Giada Padovano, Alessandro Versace, Carlo Ferrarese and Simone Beretta

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2016 8:2

    Published on: 1 March 2016

  8. Research

    Treatment with FTY720 has no beneficial effects on short-term outcome in an experimental model of intracerebral hemorrhage

    No evidence-based therapy is available for patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). In view of the profound inflammatory reaction in the perilesional tissue, we investigated in a well-characterized ...

    Frieder Schlunk, Waltraud Pfeilschifter, Kazim Yigitkanli, Eng H. Lo and Christian Foerch

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2016 8:1

    Published on: 18 February 2016

  9. Research

    Docosahexaenoic acid improves behavior and attenuates blood–brain barrier injury induced by focal cerebral ischemia in rats

    Ischemic brain injury disrupts the blood–brain barrier (BBB) and then triggers a cascade of events, leading to edema formation, secondary brain injury and poor neurological outcomes. Recently, we have shown th...

    Sung-Ha Hong, Larissa Khoutorova, Nicolas G Bazan and Ludmila Belayev

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2015 7:3

    Published on: 28 January 2015

  10. Research

    Platelet rich clots are resistant to lysis by thrombolytic therapy in a rat model of embolic stroke

    Early recanalization of occluded vessels in stroke is closely associated with improved clinical outcome. Microbubble-enhanced sonothrombolysis is a promising therapy to improve recanalization rates and reduce ...

    Amelia J Tomkins, Nadine Schleicher, Lucy Murtha, Manfred Kaps, Christopher R Levi, Max Nedelmann and Neil J Spratt

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2015 7:2

    Published on: 27 January 2015

  11. Meeting report

    Report on the 6th scientific meeting of the “Verein zur Förderung des Wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchses in der Neurologie” (NEUROWIND e.V.) held in Motzen, Germany, Oct. 31th – Nov. 2nd, 2014

    From October 31th – November 2nd, 2014, the 6th NEUROWIND e.V. meeting was held in Motzen, Brandenburg, Germany. 70 doctoral students and postdocs from over 25 different groups working in German and Swiss univ...

    Christoph Kleinschnitz, Ralf A Linker, Tim Magnus, Thomas Korn and Sven G Meuth

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2015 7:1

    Published on: 13 January 2015

  12. Short report

    Flow cytometric characterization of brain dendritic cell subsets after murine stroke

    Sterile inflammation is a substantial element of post-stroke pathophysiology with the determination of autoimmunity versus tolerance being one of its most important aspects. It is believed that this determinat...

    Claudia Pösel, Anna Uri, Isabell Schulz, Johannes Boltze, Gesa Weise and Daniel-Christoph Wagner

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2014 6:11

    Published on: 4 November 2014

  13. Research

    A 2 × 2 factorial design for the combination therapy of minocycline and remote ischemic perconditioning: efficacy in a preclinical trial in murine thromboembolic stroke model

    After the failure of so many drugs and therapies for acute ischemic stroke, innovative approaches are needed to develop new treatments. One promising strategy is to test combinations of agents in the pre-hospi...

    Md Nasrul Hoda, Susan C Fagan, Mohammad B Khan, Kumar Vaibhav, Aizaz Chaudhary, Phillip Wang, Krishnan M Dhandapani, Jennifer L Waller and David C Hess

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2014 6:10

    Published on: 9 October 2014

  14. Research

    Rapamycin up-regulation of autophagy reduces infarct size and improves outcomes in both permanent MCAL, and embolic MCAO, murine models of stroke

    The role of autophagy in response to ischemic stroke has been confusing with reports that both enhancement and inhibition of autophagy decrease infarct size and improve post-stroke outcomes. We sought to clari...

    Kathleen M Buckley, Daniel L Hess, Irina Y Sazonova, Sudharsan Periyasamy-Thandavan, John R Barrett, Russell Kirks, Harrison Grace, Galina Kondrikova, Maribeth H Johnson, David C Hess, Patricia V Schoenlein, Md Nasrul Hoda and William D Hill

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2014 6:8

    Published on: 21 June 2014

  15. Short report

    Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) provides protection against endothelial cell dysfunction and death in ischemic stroke

    The brain endothelium is a key component of the blood brain barrier which is compromised following ischemia, allowing infiltration of damaging immune cells and other inflammatory molecules into the brain. Intr...

    Alexander Widiapradja, Tomislav Santro, Milan Basta, Christopher G Sobey, Silvia Manzanero and Thiruma V Arumugam

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2014 6:7

    Published on: 20 June 2014

  16. Research

    A microsurgical procedure for middle cerebral artery occlusion by intraluminal monofilament insertion technique in the rat: a special emphasis on the methodology

    Although there are many experimental studies describing the methodology of the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in the literature, only limited data on these distinct anatomical structures and the detai...

    Aslan Güzel, Roland Rölz, Guido Nikkhah, Ulf D Kahlert and Jaroslaw Maciaczyk

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2014 6:6

    Published on: 6 June 2014

  17. Research

    Development and characterization of a Yucatan miniature biomedical pig permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion stroke model

    Efforts to develop stroke treatments have met with limited success despite an intense need to produce novel treatments. The failed translation of many of these therapies in clinical trials has lead to a close ...

    Simon R Platt, Shannon P Holmes, Elizabeth W Howerth, Kylee Jo J Duberstein, C Robert Dove, Holly A Kinder, Emily L Wyatt, Amie V Linville, Vivian W Lau, Steven L Stice, William D Hill, David C Hess and Franklin D West

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2014 6:5

    Published on: 23 March 2014

  18. Short report

    Glatiramer acetate does not protect from acute ischemic stroke in mice

    The role of the immune system in the pathophysiology of acute ischemic stroke is increasingly recognized. However, targeted treatment strategies to modulate immunological pathways in stroke are still lacking. ...

    Peter Kraft, Kerstin Göbel, Sven G Meuth and Christoph Kleinschnitz

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2014 6:4

    Published on: 27 February 2014

  19. Research

    Forced arm use is superior to voluntary training for motor recovery and brain plasticity after cortical ischemia in rats

    Both the immobilization of the unaffected arm combined with physical therapy (forced arm use, FAU) and voluntary exercise (VE) as model for enriched environment are promising approaches to enhance recovery aft...

    Armin Schneider, Andreas Rogalewski, Oliver Wafzig, Friederike Kirsch, Norbert Gretz, Carola Krüger, Kai Diederich, Claudia Pitzer, Rico Laage, Christian Plaas, Gerhard Vogt, Jens Minnerup and Wolf-Rüdiger Schäbitz

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2014 6:3

    Published on: 14 February 2014

  20. Research

    Analysis of early phase and subsequent phase III stroke studies of neuroprotectants: outcomes and predictors for success

    Efficacy of neuroprotective treatments for ischemic stroke was not convincingly demonstrated in clinical phase III trials so far, whereas some preceding early phase studies found neuroprotection to be benefici...

    Jens Minnerup, Heike Wersching, Matthias Schilling and Wolf Rüdiger Schäbitz

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2014 6:2

    Published on: 7 February 2014

  21. Research

    Intravital imaging in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats-a pilot study

    There is growing evidence that endothelial failure and subsequent blood brain barrier (BBB) breakdown initiate cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) pathology. In spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats (S...

    Solveig Niklass, Stoyan Stoyanov, Cornelia Garz, Celine Z Bueche, Stine Mencl, Klaus Reymann, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Roxana O Carare, Christoph Kleinschnitz and Stefanie Schreiber

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2014 6:1

    Published on: 25 January 2014

  22. Research

    Ischemia-induced cell depolarization: does the hyperpolarization-activated cation channel HCN2 affect the outcome after stroke in mice?

    Brain ischemia is known to include neuronal cell death and persisting neurological deficits. A lack of oxygen and glucose are considered to be key mediators of ischemic neurodegeneration while the exact mechan...

    Petra Ehling, Eva Göb, Stefan Bittner, Thomas Budde, Andreas Ludwig, Christoph Kleinschnitz and Sven G Meuth

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2013 5:16

    Published on: 27 December 2013

  23. Meeting report

    Report on the 5‘th scientific meeting of the “Verein zur Förderung des Wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchses in der Neurologie” (NEUROWIND e.V.) held in Motzen, Germany, Oct. 25th – Oct. 27th, 2013

    From october 25th - 27th 2013, the 5th NEUROWIND e.V. meeting was held in Motzen, Brandenburg, Germany. This year more than 60 doctoral students and postdocs from over 25 different groups working in German uni...

    Ralf A Linker, Tim Magnus, Thomas Korn, Christoph Kleinschnitz and Sven G Meuth

    Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine 2013 5:15

    Published on: 11 December 2013

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